Saturday, November 9, 2013

Quick Facts: Pakistan Tanneries










Pakistan leather industry is 90% exported items.

Approximate earnings overall: US$ 642 million

There are approximately 600 tanneries in business.  Kasur (180 tanneries), Karachi (170), and Sialkot (135) are the most important (infohouse).

About 130 different chemicals are used in leather processing, depending on the type
of raw material used and finished product (infohouse).

Processes:

1. Pre-Process
2. Pre-Tanning Process
3. Tanning Processes
4. Wet Finishing Process
5. Dry Machining
6. Finishing
(Chattha & Shaukat)

The wastes from Pakistan tanneries include: 
1. Waste water
2. Air pollution
3. Solid waste


References

Responding to the Environmental Challenge: Pakistan's Leather Industry. Retrieved November 9, 2013 from http://infohouse.p2ric.org/ref/18/17863.pdf

Chattha & Shaukat. An Assessment of Environmental Concerns in the Leather Industry and Proposed Remedies: A Case Study of Pakistan. retrieved November 8, 2013 from http://www.environmental-expert.com/Files/0/articles/2226/2045.pdf


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