Wednesday, August 14, 2013

Combating Energy Poverty with Natural Resources in India

India is the fourth largest energy consumer in the world yet there are over 300 million people living in India without electricity and over 800 million with limited access. They have 300,000-400,000 energy poverty related deaths occurring annually. In July of 2012 India had a blackout throughout northern India that affected over 620 million people over a two day period, this event was a facilitator that motivated change. After the outage secretary general of the Federation of Indian Chambers of Commerce and Industry Rajiv Kumar addressed the importance of grid modernization. Mysteriously abundant some of the states that were affected by the blackouts in 2012 are the most advantageous for solar energy projects. Here is a map showing the solar recourse opportunity, showing much potential for solar energy development.

Natural resources throughout India are now being developed to help the energy poverty crisis. There are project underway to improve the electric infrastructure in a swift manor. An example of this is the Jawaharial Nehru National Solar Mission (JNNSM) which is considered to be the leading solar member in India. This organization started in 2010 has the goal to install 20 gigawatts worth of solar power by 2022. They split this goal into three phases starting with initiating 500 megawatts by the end of 2013 and this phase has successfully been completed by Indian government. The goal for phase two will be another 750 megawatts by 2017.

Even with these changes taking place, India is far away from achieving their goals. 

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